As a Buddhist one must know what Buddhism is and which one of the three doors we should stress upon while practing body speech or the mind?out of the three (body ,speech and mind )which one must put into the main practive and how should it be praticied ?Even if we unable to undrstand this detail,yes it is necessary for us to know at least part of it.Without any knoledge on Buddhism,pursuing to practice may result in fruitless hardships so it is extemely important to understand it clearly.As in the sutra text:
Either be Bhikkhu or other intellectuals,
Like a refined gold extracted through buring,cutting and rubbing,
My teachings are to be examised throughly
They are not for accepting out of faith and respect for me!
Hence Buddha himself has encouraged every individual to practice dharma after having
investigated it thoroughly.
If we were to ask,What is meant by the term Buddhism,how is it being put into practice ?
the answers are as mentioned sutras;
Avoid each of the evil deeds,
Leave no noble action undone;
Tame your own mind and
And dont agitate other mind with delusions;
This is the teaching of the Buddha.
Thus ,this was approved by Buddha himself as an introduction on Buddhism.So ,these lines will be briefly explained below.
Avoid each of the ill deeds.
It means that it can be applied on anyone who is a Dharma practitioner.No matter what a Dharma aspirant should avoid each and every actions and intention afflicted by hatred,crelty and so on.And killing beings ,stealing and forcefully robbing possessions of others are some of the major misdeeds that one should need to shun.Generally,the entire misdeeds can be included under the ten fold non virtues which are again categorized as misdeeds of the three doors.Killing,stealing and sextual misconduct such as adultery an dwrong time of copulating are the three non virtues related to our body ,Lying slandering to cause disharmony ,speaking harsh words and vain talks or gossiping are the four non virtues related to our speech.Covetous desire towards the wealth of other ,intending to inflict harm on others,and perverted views dis belief in the law of causes and effect,so forth are the three non virtues related to our mind.
Thus,True Dharma practitioners by all means should keep trying to do away all these ten fold non virutes.Since committing these non virutes would only bring more disaster in this life as well as in the lives after.
If we kill,steal enage in sextual misconduct,and tell lies so forth we should beome nothing other than an outcaste of the society which would definately prevent our high dreams from achieving them.And no good things is achieved through misdeeds other than being labeled with countless names of disrespect by the society.As for the case of a cheater no one will trust him during his life time an din the next generations;he will be reborn in the lower rebirths where he would suffer endlessly.Likewise, killing will shorten our life span and will have to face untimely death for numbers of times in the generations a head and similarly stealing would make us run out of wealth during this life and will be reborn amongst the hungry ghosts so on.Thus as the ten non virtues result only in endless suffering it is worth for the aspirants of the eternal happieness to avoid even a minute ill deed.
Moreover,if the Dharma practioner is an ordained monk,he must observe without transgression all the seven vows of individaul emancipation.In addition,if a dharma practitioner is observes the precepts of bodhisattva he must avoid each of the evil deeds which are opposed to his precepts .And if a Dharma practitioner is a Tantric adept he must observe the Samayas of Mantrayana and abandon each of the evil deeds which are against his samayas.
Leave no noble deed undone,
For any Dharma practititioner to refrain from killing from killing means to save the lives of beings and protect them from the fear of untimely death.
Similiarly to abstain from stealing mean being as generous as one can be,and to abstain from limitation of sextual intercourse.These are three of the ten virtues related to our body.
Avoiding lies means to speak the truth always abandoning slander means to speak words that are conducive to harmoney,abandoning abusive words means to speak pleasant words and to abstain from gossiping means to speak meanfiful words which can benefit one and all.These are the four of the ten virtues related to our speech,
We should replace out covetous desire by contentions,our harmful thoughts by loving compassion and perverted views by faith in the law of cause and effects.
These are the three of ten virtues related to our mind.
Hence it is very important to make sure that our three doors are always endowed with the three virtues of body ,the four virtues of speech and the three virtues of mind.
Especially,In the case of being a mone ought to cultivate all virtuous actiosns in accord with the three aspects of discipline ,which are related to the seven vows of individual emancipation.In the cae of a Bodhisattva vow observer one must perform good actions in accord with the precepts of Aspiration and Engagement or the three disciplines of a Bodhisattva.In regard to Tantric adepts one must cultivate all nobles actions in accord with the development and completion stages as explained in tantric treatises.With the difference of observing the vows,accomplishing virtues would also differ from practitioner to practitioner.
In brief, as taught by Lord Buddha what ever actions are done ,what is foremost is that we should be strongly motivated by whole some thoughts.Doring against what one has been taught would only take us farther away from the path of Dharma practitioners.
Tames your own mind,
As mentioned above out of the ten non virtues three belongs to the door ob body ,four to the door of speech and three to the door of mind.
Amony these ten non virtues in exceptional cases except for the three non virtues related to mind,the other seven are exempted to commit.But all these actions should be motivated by the altrusistic mind of benefiting the others both in their present and the lives after.For instance the great compassionate sea captain killed Minag dungthung Chen who had prededitated to kill his fellow passangers in the ship and the ordained karma, a Bodhisattva Bhraman has sexual intercousre with the daughter of a merchant .However as they committed these deeds without any selfish desire but with utmost compassion for these beings their actions instead of resulting in bad karma increased their accumulations to several folds which would in fact have taken many eons to achieve them.
The reason why the three non virtues related to the mind are not exempted is that th e practice of Buddhism is mainly based on mind and it is the crucial point of Buddhism to master ones own deluded mind.Physically appearng as a Dharma practitioner but mentally if one harbors covetous desire,ill thoughts and perverted views are the very ones recognized both by sutras and tantras as anti dharma elements.Therefore any misdeeds committed intentionally carry the heaviest sins.Nagarjuna aslo supports this.
Actions generated from the three poisons
Dessire anger and ignorance are non virtues !
Actions generated from non attachment
Patience and awakened mind are virtues!
Thus,whatever actions of body and speech are mingled with the three poisons or unwholesome intentions,all the actions will turns into negative.And if the actions of body and speech are motivated by wholesome intention all deeds will be positive.Hence we must understand that the root of all virtues and non virtues are none other than the mind.
Generating noble intention of helping other beings as many as many times as one is indispensable for a Buddhist who strives to attain liberation.Since the virtue is totally dependent on mind,it is the mind alone that maximizes or miniizes the quality of virtues.Therefore our main practice is to gain mastery in controlling our mind which means abandoing desire,hatred ,ignorance pride jealousy and so on rather than to give too much importance on the practice of body and speech.
If mind is the forerunner ,the doubt naturally arises;can we wish with our body and speech?The answer is difinitely no ,because in order to defend our mind from getting afflicted,we need right speech and right actions as the means for protecting our mind.Guru Padmasabhava said;
If the outer conduct is in accordance with the sutra section
There is the advantage of knowing the karmic effect from adopting and abandoning.
On top of that,the more we gain experience and realization ,the more our adopting and abanding should become refined .Guru Rinpoche also stated that;
One,s realization may be higher than the sky;
But the law of karma should be finer than wheat flour
Thus in all the cases of Dharma, all of them are basically meant for taming our mind.As our mind si similr to an intoxicated elephant,
if it is brought under the control by the hook of mindfulness,either in the mids of beautiful women or in the midst of uncivilized people the greed and hatred will never arise in ones mind.Shantideva said;
If one remains mindful in all the situations,
Even in the midst of uncivilized people
or in the midst of beautiful women;
The noble and diligent observer will never deteriorate his precepts.
As such the basic prospect of Dharma is to tame ones own mind.
And dont agiate others mind with delusions;
Hence,not just guarding oneself against delusions but one should avoid others mind from being deluded .It can be either a monk or a lay person as long as one is on the path of the Dharma,one must not make other people becomes faitahless or get their midn disturbed by the sight of misbehaviors related to our body
and speech .Instead one should have faith and respect etc,towards the Dharma generated in them (sentient beings)merely by the notice of ones verbal and physical character,
This is the teaching of Lord Buddha!
One should neither commit evil actions nor leave noble actions undone.Tames ones mind according to the Dharma and let none get deluded by watching our behavior of body and speech.This is the gist of what had been taught by our teacher,the great Lord Buddha Sakyamuni.